When it comes to Grammar for IELTS Writing it is very important to learn beyond the course offered. Thats the reason Sahasriya through its continuous Grammar updates everyday is the preferred choice for students to learn English. Everyday’s note on important aspects of English language is a standing example for Grammar in IELTS Writing and why Sahasriya offers best coaching . Earlier part about ‘I’ and ‘Me’ can be found here. Read on the second part of ‘I’ vs ‘Me’ –
Common Mistakes: I vs. Me
Most of the confusion surrounding these words occurs when you have I/me connected to another pronoun or name along with the words and/or. For example, which of the following is correct?
- You and I went to the movies.
- You and me went to the movies.
You and I or You and Me?
The you and I or you and me formation is commonly confused, but once you examine how the words are being used, it’s pretty straightforward.
- You and I went to the movies. (Correct)
- You and me went to the movies. (Wrong)
In this sentence, You and I forms a compound subject. Since this phrase is being used as the subject of the sentence, me cannot be the correct choice.
You should never have you and me in the place of a subject in your sentence.
And I or And me?
Here’s another example of the and I or and me formation.
- Did you see Jagan and I at the party? (Wrong)
- Did you see Jagan and me at the party? (Correct)
In this sentence, Jagan and me are both direct objects. Since they are both objects, I cannot be the correct choice.
Between You and Me
Between is a preposition, and in English, prepositions are followed by objects. For example,
- She left with him.
- She left with he.
Him is an objective pronoun, while he is a subjective pronoun. Now, let’s apply this to our phrase between you and me. We need an object to follow between, not a subject.
Since I cannot function as an object, we know that me is the correct choice. Therefore, the correct phrase is between you and me.
- Between you and me, he is not qualified. (Correct)
- Between you and I, he is not qualified. (Incorrect)
The incorrect phrase between you and I is most likely a hypercorrection people make when dealing with the pronoun I.
We can all remember our English teachers saying “always use you and I; never use you and me.” (I even said this above.)
- You and I went swimming.
- You and me went swimming.
When teachers say this, however, they mean never to use you and me as a subject.
In the phrase between you and me, me is correct because it is in the place of an object.
In other words, I is not always the correct choice simply by its nature. It’s not “more proper” than me; it just performs the role of a subject, while me performs the role of an object.
That is I or That is Me / It is I or It is Me
As we have covered in other articles, is is a linking verb. Linking verbs connect the subject of the sentence to equal words in the sentence.
- He is my friend.
In this sentence is is connecting the subject he to its subject complement, which is a word (in the subjective case) that re-describes the subject.
As you might imagine, my friend can also function as the subject of a sentence,
- My friend is six feet tall.
Now, let’s apply this to the phrases that is I / that is me or this is I / this is me.
What is the subject of our sentence? Clearly is it that/this.
- That is…
- This is…
Since we know is is is a linking verb, we know that a subjective element must follow it. I is a subject pronoun, while me is an object pronoun, so I is the grammatically correct choice.
- That is I.
- This is I.
Despite sounding affected or even pretentious, that is I is actually the correct structure.
This is why it is common to hear someone answer the phone saying,
- This is she.
- This is he.
Notice it is not this is her or this is him.
That said, it is quite common for people to say that is me, and you are unlikely to ever find someone correcting you on this issue–especially in speech.
Than I or Than Me
Traditional grammar has held, since the 1700s, that than is a conjunction in all of its uses.
- Jaggi is taller than Bala.
The above sentence is considered an elliptical version of the sentence,
- Jaggi is taller than Bala is.
Therefore, the pronoun following than is determined by whether the pronoun serves as the subject or object in the completed second clause of the sentence. For example,
- Jaggi is taller than I.
- Jaggi is taller than me.
- John is taller than I is an elliptical version of John is taller than I am.
Better than I or better than me?
This same rule goes for other variations of than me or than I.
- Michael Jordan is better at basketball than I (am).
- Michael Jordan is better at basketball than me.
Can Than be a Preposition?
Despite the traditional use of than as a conjunction, some have argued that it can also be used as a preposition, similar to between.
- Keep this between you and me.
Since between is a preposition, it should be followed by an objective pronoun (see above). The argument for than as a preposition is similar.
- You are better than me.
Traditional grammarians still insist that You are better than I is the only correct form, and than me is still widely regarded as incorrect.
Given this fact, it’s best to adhere to the traditional rule in your formal writing.
When it comes to Grammar for IELTS Writing, Sahasriya provides utmost care so that the basic elements are in place. One of the reason Sahasriya offers a focused Grammar for IELTS writing through its Grammar and Communication course is to act as a primer to IELTS coaching. Grammar for IELTS Writing or PTE Writing fetches 25% of the target that students vie for. With Grammar and Communication course, Sahasriya provides the comprehensive coverage for IELTS and/or PTE students. In IELTS, PTE and many other exams, English language skills are tested. Sahasriya is the discerning name in building grammar for IELTS Writing or Speaking in Coimbatore and in Chennai (Porur & Velachery) and Bengaluru.