When it comes to improving business English is vital in clear communication. Students aspirations for improving spoken English from the cities of Bengaluru, Chennai and Coimbatore have their best choice in Sahasriya through Sahasriya’s Grammar & Communication course . Sahasriya’s experience of coaching for various English language competitive exams has ensured that improving business English is both fun and intensive learning at the same time. In Bengaluru or Chennai-Velachery and Porur or Coimbatore, followers of our everyday’s note has led to improving business English considerably. Today, it is about ‘Epidemic‘ and ‘Endemic‘.

If you are a researcher for the health organisations, you will need to know how to describe the various diseases and populations that you study. Two words that describe diseases, endemic and epidemic, may seem similar, but they are actually two different words with separate meanings.

To make matters even more confusing, both of these words can be used as multiple parts of speech. Still, if you want to maintain your credibility as one of the globe’s foremost authorities on human health and wellness, you will need to know how to use these words appropriately.

When to Use Endemic

Improving business English endemic

What does endemic mean? Endemic can be a noun or an adjective.

As a nounendemic means a disease that is regularly found  in a population of people or certain area. It can also refer to a species that is always present in a region.

Here are some examples,

  • Advancements in modern medicine have eliminated many endemics.
  • Chickenpox is an endemic in the United Kingdom.

As an adjectiveendemic describes the quality of always being present exhibited by some diseases and species.

Here are two more examples,

  • Mosquitos that are not endemic to Brazil have been the target of genetic modification to reduce their population.
  • Malaria is a disease endemic to some regions in Africa.

When to Use Epidemic

Improving business English epidemic

What does epidemic mean? Epidemic can also be a noun or an adjective.

As a nounepidemic means a disease that spreads rapidly and causes devastation.

Here are two examples,

  • There was an epidemic of polio in the United States in the early 20th century.
  • The worldwide epidemic of the Zika virus in 2015-2016 caused the Pope to make controversial comments regarding the moral permissibility of birth control.

An an adjective, epidemic refers means of, relating to, or of the nature of an endemic.

Here are two more examples,

Of the two words, epidemic is much more common.

  • Epidemic diseases sometimes kill many people, but sometimes kill no people.
  • This disease has now reached epidemic proportions.

Trick to Remember the Difference

Improving business English endemic epidemic

Despite their similar names, remember epidemic vs. endemic is actually quite easy.

  • If you are describing something that spreads rapidly, choose epidemic.
  • If you are describing something that is always present, choose endemic.

Since epidemic and rapid each contain the letter P, this should be an easy decision to make.


Is it endemic or epidemic? Both endemic and epidemic can be used as adjectives and nouns.

  • Endemic describes a disease or condition that is regularly found among particular people or in a certain area.
  • Epidemic describes a disease that spreads rapidly or the quality of spreading rapidly.

The words epidemic and rapid are both spelled with the letter P, so choosing epidemic to describe something that spreads rapidly should be a simple matter.

Careful word choice can often make the difference between strong writing and an embarrassing blunder.

Be sure to check this site any time you have questions about confusing words, and if you get stuck choosing epidemic or endemic, check back with this article.

This daily series is an effort by Sahasriya in improving business English communication for all. These tips ensures a student’s aspiration with Sahasriya is the most effective which is what hundreds of students benefit from everyday.

About Sindhu Sriram

Sindhu SriramAn education enthusiast and a self-made entrepreneur in devising unique and simple ways to educate complex elements. An English language expert and a successful role-model for many aspiring trainers. Not only is she the brainchild to have founded Sahasriya, she is a top-notch and sought after English language professional

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